Kindergarten Math Skills and Concepts



While
every state and school district differs slightly, below you will find useful detail surrounding some of
the Math concepts children will likely be covering in Kindergarten:
Counting and Number Sense, Beginning Addition and Subtraction,
Money, Place Value, Basic Patterns, Picture Graphs (pictographs), Telling Time, Measurement, Shapes and Solids, Symmetry,
and Fractions. The Giggle Facts Math
Program will not only help Kindergarten
Students master their Addition and Subtraction Facts, but will also help kids
with many other math concepts they will encounter in Kindergarten.
You may
notice that many math concepts and math skills repeat over these four grade levels.
This is due to the fact that math concepts build on each other grade by grade.
Giggle Facts is designed for kids
aged 4 to 8 and supports math learning, skills and concepts in Kindergarten,
First Grade, 2nd Grade and 3rd Grade. It is a complete math program including Kindergarten
math games and should also be played with children older than
8 if they need help "catching up" or mastering Math Facts.



Beginning Addition and Subtraction



Kindergarten students will work on onetoone correspondence
(see Glossary), learn about ordinal numbers (First, Second, Third, Fourth, etc.), learn to count
by 1s, and may even begin learning to skip count by numbers like 2s, 5s,
and 10s (ex: 2,4, 6, 8, or 5, 10, 15, 20). Frequently, a Hundreds Board and/or number line is used to visually represent these Kindergarten math concepts, and
to assist students in learning these math skills. Read
our blog for advice on how to teach your child skip counting by 5's. Giggle Facts teaches children the relationship
between numbers (Number Sense), which in turn helps with math concepts
such as skip counting, greater than / less than, before / after, odd and even numbers, etc.


Addition and Subtraction Math Facts may be introduced in Kindergarten.
Students may be introduced to Addition as the concept of “adding
on” to another number, and they may even encounter Addition strategies such as “Doubles”
(6+6 or 4+4) and “Turnarounds” (2+1 = 3, so 1+2 = 3). They may also be introduced
to Subtraction, learning the concept of Subtraction as
“taking away”. Students will likely begin inventing simple number stories
using Addition and Subtraction (ex: Tom has 4 apples. He picks 2 more
from the tree. How many apples does Tom have now?). Children may begin
to practice some simple Math Facts in the classroom, however, children will certainly benefit from practicing more at home,
to begin learning and retaining Math Facts at this earlier stage. The Giggle FactsÔ program
begins at this early stage of math learning. Since instant recall of Math Facts is imperative to learning
higherlevel math concepts (see Research), it is beneficial to begin practicing and learning Math Facts in Kindergarten. Giggle FactsÔ is a perfect way to play while learning Addition and Subtraction Facts, without relying solely on tedious flashcards.
The Math Program includes the frequent use of playing cards, dominoes, and multisided dice to make learning fun and to make the math games engaging for children.








Kindergarteners will identify the names and values of pennies, nickels, and dimes, and perhaps
begin counting small numbers of coins. Children who have begun
learning Addition and Subtraction Facts will, overall, have an easier time adding / counting money.
Giggle FactsÔ allows children to
develop their number sense that will help them make connections between Math Facts and skip counting with money.


Each digit
in larger numbers has a value, depending on its position in the number. For
example, in the number 78, the 7 is worth 7 “tens” (or 70), and the 8 is worth 8 “ones”,
or simply 8. Kindergarteners will begin breaking numbers from 10
to 20 into “tens” and “ones” as an introduction to Place Value. Giggle FactsÔ teaches students to break down
larger numbers into their smaller components (tens and ones) through 2 different strategies. There is an Addition strategy named “Teens”, and a Subtraction
strategy named “More Teens” in the Giggle FactsÔ
program that supports the concept of Place Value.





Picture Graphs (Pictographs)



Students
will identify basic patterns using colors, shapes and numbers (ex: red, blue, red, blue or 2,4,2,4) in kindergarden.


Children in Kindergarten may do simple surveys
such as finding out their classmates’ “Favorite Season”. This information might be represented
using a Pictograph, where each season would have a different picture representing it (ex: Spring: umbrella, Summer: sunshine,
Fall: leaves, Winter: snowflake). The kindergarten students would
place a picture of their favorite season on a graph, creating a giant picture graph or pictograph of the class data.








Learning to tell time
is an important math skill that students begin to work on in Kindergarten. Children
will learn about the concept of time (morning, afternoon, days, weeks, years), and they
may learn to tell time to the hour and halfhour.


Kindergarteners will have many opportunities
to measure in a variety of ways. Kindergarten students will compare various lengths, weights
and temperatures. The children may also have the opportunity to do some measuring
using nonstandard units (ex: hand spans), and using calendars, etc.








Kindergarden students will learn
to identify and describe 2dimensional shapes such as circles, triangles, squares, and rectangles. They
may look at simple 3D solids such as cubes.


Kindergarten students may have opportunities to look for symmetry
in everyday objects. An image that is symmetrical is something that has two sides that are identical.
One side could be seen as a “mirror image” of the other side.






Kindergarten
students will possibly investigate fractional parts of a whole as part of the math curriculum (ex:
the child will divide shapes into equal parts like halves, thirds, or fourths).







